Srirangapatna situated at a distance of 120 Kms from Bangalore on Bangalore Mysore highway is a place with rumbling History and Culture. Srirangapatna also most sought after by passionate historians, pilgrims, professionals and tourists. The place, which witnessed and Tippu Sultan. The place, which brought our early, reforms in the field of business and social life. The place, which took a lead in introducing the early inventions or rocket technology. Ultimately the place, which has prominently carved a niche in the World Map of Tourism.
Srirangapatna has a very strategic location. It is just 15 kms drive by road from Palace City of Mysore. Its pleasant climate all through the year and its fresh, crispy in order to give a comfortable and cozy place for relaxation
Srirangapatna the island fortress from where the tiger of Mysore roared in defiance at the British army 200 years ago. The capital city of Tippu Sultan which was the scene of many heroic battles in the past. Where bloody wars were won and lost and the very course of history was decided. The proud capital of a mighty kings whose main extended for and wide.
Srirangapatna located in an island formed by the river Cauvery with a history both ancient and checkered. The town that had its beginning in 12th century, under the celebrated Hoysala kings the site was later chosen for a fort in the 15th century. A local chieftain built the fort during the Vijayanagara times. The conquering king Raja Wodeyar of Mysore who made it his capital in 1610 realized the strategic position of the fort.
Many remains of the period are popular tourist attractions.
Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple
Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple, the famous sleeping statue of Lord Ranganatha can be seen here. Car parking available nearer to the temple premises. Horse riding can be experienced if interested. Photography is strictly prohibited inside the temple. There is no place to keep the cameras so visitors can carry the gadgets along with them. Outside the temple, there are lot of handicrafts available at a very reasonable price and bargain possible.
Srirangapatna Fort known as the second most formidable forts in India, because of two reasons, The torrential Kaveri made the Srirangapatna into a difficult to cross island.That offered the natural defense to the fortification. Tippu Sultan built , rather rebuilt, the fort with many ingenuous military architectural techniques of those days.
Tippu Sultan did the most elaborate work on the fort –what you see today – with the help of French military engineers to meet the defense requirements of the times. This double enclosure ford is built with massive granite blocks, that is abundant in this region. The inside of the fort rampant are made of mud and rubble masonry.
The fort is about the shape of a triangle , and aligned along the northwestern corner of the island. The rugged riverbed form a natural moat on the north and west of the fort. The railway line passes right through the western and northern fortification. If you travel by train you can see the fort walls along the riverside.
Two important gateways – the Mysore Gate and the Elephant Gate – to the fort is on this side facing the highway. You’ll fine a large number of military, religious and civic structures inside Srirangapatna Fort.
Summer Palace of Tippu Sultan
The tourist flow to Dariya Daulat Bagh in Srirangapatna, which was the summer palace of Tipu Sultan, has registered an increase during the year and is nearing the one-million mark.
Though Srirangapatna was always on the itinerary of tourists visiting Mysore, the ancient capital of the Wadiyars and Tipu Sultan used to be given short-shrift by the tour operators.
But this is no longer the case as the ancient town has begun to emerge from the shadows of Mysore and the riverine island as staked its claim as an important destination in its own right.
According to the information available from the Archaeological Survey of India office at Dariya Daulat Bagh, 6.75 lakh domestic tourists and 23,500 international tourists visited the monument in 2007-08.
The number of domestic tourists increased to 7.25 lakh in 2008-09, while 23,000 international tourists visited the monument during that year.
There are many armories in the Srirangapatna fort where the weapons used to be stored. Most of them are rectangular sub terrain storehouses with narrow entry points.
You’ll notice the twin minarets of this mosque as you approach Srirangapatna by the highway. This mosque is more than 225 years old. Tipu Sultan built this in 1797, and also used regularly by him for prayer. The mosque, coated in earthen yellow, is built in majestic proportions with many interesting features.
The mehrab (semicircular niche in the direction of the Kaaba ) on the Western wall of the main hall symbolizes the Light: Allah. The stone tablets, fixed in the hall are inscribed with Koranic verses.One of the slabs mentions the date of construction of the Jamia Masjid.
A flight of steps on wither sides of the minarets takes you to the first floor. There is a large rectangular pond at the corner of the compound. On the opposite side of the pond are a series of cenotaphs.
On the terrace is a Solar Clock (Sun Clock or Sun Dial), often attributed as an example of Tipu Sultans innovations and ingenuity. (You can see another such device near Gumbaz). You’ll notice the use of Hindu and Islamic elements in the mosque’s architectural design . some 200 steps take to the top of the tower, though the entry is restricted to the minarets. Entry to the mosque on the eastern side facing the main road. This is a functioning mosque with a madrasa (religious school) attached to it.
The ‘Water Gate’ is located in the northern fort wall, next to the Gangadharshwera Temple. The gateway opens to the shallower portion of the river. The residents of the fort used this gate for fetching water for the daily needs, hence the name. This is a shallow archway with guard houses on either sides. You can reach the riverside by passing through this gate.
From the Sri Ranganathaswamy temple, take the road that goes along the ruined Lal Mahal Palace . A little ahead the road turns eastward and traces the fort wall. You’ll see the Water Gate on your left and the Gangadharshwera Temple on your right. Further ahead on the road Tipu Sultan’s Death Place.
Mysore gate is on the southern wall of the Srirangapatna Fort. As the name indicates, this gateway faces in the direction of Mysore city. Also this is first entry point into the Srirangapatna fort when traveling to Srirangapatna from Mysore side.
Mysore Gate and the fortification around it is a great place to see the double enclosure, double moat military architecture. A motorable road crosses the first moat and passes through the Mysore Gate. The second moat while exists; the road doesn’t pass through the second gateway located behind the Mysore Gate.
Thomas Inman’s Dungeon
This used to be a hidden prison inside the Srirangapatna fort. An engineer called Thomas Inman in 1895 discovered this secret cellar, which is about 100 years after the fall of the fort. That shows of the cleaver and discreet design of the dungeon. Even today you’ll find it difficult located this till you reach the signpost and the entrance to this sub-terrain dungeon.
Structurally Thomas Inman’s Dungeon looks a lot similar to the more popular Colonel Bailey’s Dungeon. Thomas Inman’s Dungeon measures about 45 feet in length and 32 feet in width with many arches built in brick and mortar.
Thomas Inman’s Dungeon is on the northeastern corner of the fort. You can walk to this from the Jamia Masjid. Next to Thomas Inman’s Dungeon stands a large rectangular bastion that overlooks the river and the Bangalore-Mysore highway.
There are many monuments in India which and popular among the foreign tourists than the domestic tourists, and worse the domestic tourists do no know it even exists. The Garrison Cemetery in Srirangapatna near Mysore is easily one among these gone into oblivion over time.
Bodies of the many European officers, both military and civil, are buried in this place. After the fall of Srirangapatna in 1799, the British East India Company made the Srirangapatna Fort into a military garrison, before setting up there permanent one at Bangalore. For the next 6 decades (till 1860) this cemetery was service.