Rajasthan Travel Guide, “Land of Great Kings” or “Land of Great Kingdoms”, is India’s largest state by area 342,239 square kilometers.
Rajasthan located on the northern side of the country, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the “Rajasthan Desert” and “Great Indian Desert”) and shares a border with Pakistan along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Though a large percentage of the total area is desert with little forest cover, Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna. The natural vegetation is classed as Northern Desert Thorn Forest.
Traditionally the Meenas, Gurjars, Bhils, Rajputs, Rajpurohit, Charans, Jats, Yadavs, Bishnois, PhulMali and other tribes made a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan. All these tribes suffered great difficulties in protecting their culture and the land. Millions of them were killed trying to protect their land.
Place to Visit in Rajasthan
Ajmer is the 5th largest city in Rajasthan and is the center of the Ajmer District. Ajmer is famous for Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti Dargah. Other places are Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, Lake Foy Sagar, Mayo College, Ana Sagar Lake, etc. you can also visit Pushkar – just 14 kilometers from Ajmer, draws tourists in crowds during the famous Pushkar Fair. The Brahma Temple is yet another tourist haunt of Pushkar.
Alwar contains many interesting and historical monuments. The city has a beautiful lake and a picturesque valley. The Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in the Aravali hills only a few kilometres away from Alwar. The sanctuary, which is a Project Tiger reserve, also boasts of many other species, including rare birds and plants.
Bharatpur is known popularly as ‘The Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan’. Places to visit in the city are Deeg Fort, Deeg Palace, Keoladeo National Park(Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary), Laxman Mandir, The palace of Bharatpur, Lohagarh Fort Or The ‘Iron Fort’ etc.
Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in northern India. t was formerly the capital of the princely state of Bikaner. Rao Bika founded the city. The Junagarh Fort, the Raj Ratan Bihariand Rasik Siromani Temple, the Laxminath Temple, the Bhandasar Jain Temple and the Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, are among the famed tourist destinations.
Chittorgarh is a repository of monumental historic events, rich heritage and evergreen folklores. The cynosure of attraction is the Olympian fortress that stretches up to three miles in length and soars up to a whopping four hundred and ninety-five feet. Places to visit are Vijaystambha, the Kirtistambha, Palace of Rana Kumbha, Palace of the famed Padmini, Jaimal and Patta Palace, Kumbha Shyam Temple, Kalika Mata Temple, Saas-Bahu Temple, Meerabai Temple etc.
Dungarpur is also popularly known as the “City of Hills”. Dungarpur has a wide variety of attractions for tourists. There are many historical, religious and beautiful structures to visit here. The palaces, forts, temples etc, hide hundreds of years of old history of Dungarpur.
Jaipur is also popularly known as the “Pink City”, is the capital of the state. The Amber Fort, Jantar Mantar – the observatory, Hawa Mahal, Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh, the City Palace, Albert Hall, the Jal Mahal, the Amer Fort, B M Birla Planetarium, Galtaji, the Laxmi Narayan Temple, are some of the architectural splendors of Jaipur. Tourists stack their bags with wonderful Jaipuri textiles and artifacts as well.
Jaisalmer is also known as the Golden city of India because the yellow sand gives a yellowish-golden touch to the city and its surrounding area. It means “the Hill Fort of Jaisal”. Places to visit in the city are Jaisalmer Fort, Camel Safari, Desert National Park, Pokran, Desert Cultural Center, Patwon ki Haveli etc.
Sawai Madhopur is full of histories and legends. The main tourist attractions in Sawai Madhopur are Ganesha Temple, Chamatkar temple, Ranthambore Fort and Khandar Fort, Ranthambore National Park etc
Mount Abu is the most famous “hill station” in India. It is in Sirohi district. Places to visit in the city are Nakki Lake, Delwara Jain Temples, Brahma Kumaris Spiritual University and Museum, Achalgarh Fort etc.
Udaipur is regarded as one of the most romantic cities of the World. Places to visit in the city are Pichola Lake, Fateh Sagar Lake, Jaisamand Lake, Udaisagar Lake, Lake Palace, City Palace, Sajjangarh Fort, Ranakpur Jain Temple, Ekling Ji Temple, Nathdwara Shri Nath Ji Temple, Jagmandir, Rishabhdeo Temple, Shilpgram etc.
Governance and administration
Mainly the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress dominate the politics of Rajasthan. The current Chief Minister, serving a second term, is Vasundhara Raje. Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts within seven divisions followed by Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kota and Bharatpur.
Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions, which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages, which is often depicted and is symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan.
Dal-Bati-Churma is very popular in Rajasthan. Traditional way to serve it is to first coarsely mashing the Baati then pours pure Ghee on top of it. It is served with the daal (lentils) and spicy garlic chutney. Also served with Besan (gram flour) ki kadi . It is commonly served at all festivities, including religious occasions, wedding ceremonies, and birthday parties in Rajasthan.