Gujarat is a state in the western part of India also as known locally as Jewel of the Western part of India.
With the longest seashore in the country, Gujarat is well known for its beaches, holy temples and historic architectural assets, wildlife sanctuaries and hill resorts. The most famous religious places are Dwarakadheesh temple in Dwarka, Palitana Jain Temples, Somnath Temple in Saurashtra, Modhera Sun Temple, Shankheshwar Jain Temples, Girnar Hill Temple, Ambaji etc. Makar Sankranti and Kite Flying Festival is the main attraction in the state. It is also famous for its historical buildings like Surat Fort, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara,Watson Museum at Rajkot etc.
Gujarat was known to the Ancient Greeks, the various Persian Empires, the Roman Republic, and was familiar in other Western centers of civilization through the end of the European Middle Ages.
Historically, the state of Gujarat has been one of the main centres of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains major ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro.
The early history of Gujarat reflects the imperial grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya who conquered a number of earlier states in what is now Gujarat.
Emperor Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, not only ordered engraving of his edicts on the rock at Junagadh, but asked Governor Tusherpha to cut canals from the lake where an earlier Mauryan governor had built a dam.
Gujarat borders Pakistan’s Sindh province to the northwest, is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the southwest, the state of Rajasthan to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and by Maharashtra, Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south.
Gujarat has an area of 196,030 sq km with the longest coast line 1,600 kilometres, dotted with 41 ports: one major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor.
Places to Visit in Gujarat
Ahmedabad is also popular for various religious places. Some places to visit are Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya, Mahudi Jain Temple, Sardar Patel Museum, Vastrapur Lake, Gandhi Ashram(Sabarmati Ashram), Kankaria Lake, Swaminarayan Temple, Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary.
Amreli formerly known as Anumanji, Amlik and then Amravati. The city is named in ancient Gujrati as Amarvalli. Amreli has variety of lands like Medium black, loamy, sandy, rocky inferior and saline mainly groundnut, cotton, sesame, bajri, wheet and grams are grown therein. And it has 2 coastal Areas Jafrabad and Rajula. Places to visit are Gir Wildlife Sanctaury and Port Pipavav. Bhurakhiya Hanuman Mandir, Khodiyar Mandir and Dam are also famous tourist places in the city.
Anand is famous for Dakor – the famous Hindu pilgrimage. Anand is known as the Milk Capital of India. It became famous for Amul dairy and its Milk revolution.
Palanpur is the main city in Banaskantha district. Ambaji Temple is the most famous in this district. Other places are Kirti Stambh, Rajmahal, Mithi Vav, Dargah etc.
Champaner-Pavagadh are two cities Champaner and Pavagadh located in the panchmahal district. Pavagadh is a Hill Station. It is known for a famous Mahakali temple, which draws thousands of pilgrims everyday.
Dwarka is the land of “Lord Krishna”. There are so many temples of Lord Krishna. It is well known for its Dwarkadhish Temple. Other places are Nageshwar Jyothirlinga Temple, Gurudwara, Rukmini Devi Temple, Shri Krishna Temple etc.
Junagadh, It is also known as “Sorath”, the name of the earlier Princely State of Junagadh. It is the center of the religious places in which Mount Girnar is the famous jain pilgrimage. Other places are Mitiyala and Pania Wildlife Sanctuary, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Pania Wildlife Sanctuary etc. Junagadh is famous for Kesar Mangoes. As name says Kesar mangoes are very sweet and looks like safaron color.
Patan is situated on the banks of the River Saraswati. A number of civic as well as religious buildings were constructed in the city, including many Hindu, Muslim and Jain religious places. However, the Jain temples outnumber the others. They are about 122 in number and more than 100 years old.
Porbandar is well known for being the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. The home of Gandhiji’s childhood, known by the name of Kirti Mandir is one major attraction of the place.
Saputara Hill Station
Saputara is a hill station metropolis in the Dang district of Gujarat state in India.
Saputara has been developed as a planned hill resort with amenities like hotels, parks, swimming pools, boat club, theaters, ropeways and a museum. Long walks along the beautiful lake are some of the treats of this organized and simple hill station. Place to visit here is Hatgadh Fort, Pandava Caves etc.
The Somnath Temple located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, India, is the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Somnath Temple is known as “the Shrine Eternal”. This legendary temple has been destroyed and rebuilt several times by Islamic kings and Hindu kings respectively.
Taranga Hills are famous for its Jain temples which are the famous Jain pilgrimage center in India. Apart from Jain Temples it also have some other famous temples. Some other places are Taranga Fort, Buddhist sculptures etc.
Governance and administration
A Legislative Assembly of 182 members governs Gujarat. Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of adult suffrage from one of 182 constituencies, of which 13 are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 for scheduled tribes.
Gujarat is home to the Gujarati people. It was also the home of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel, who preached unity between all religions and became a worldwide figure for peaceful struggle against tyranny.
Gujarati food is primarily vegetarian. It is believed to be one of the healthiest cuisines in India. The typical Gujarati thali consists of roti or bhakri, dal or kadhi, rice and sabzi. Indian pickle and chhundo are used as condiments. The four major regions of Gujarat all bring their own styles to Gujarati food. Many Gujarati dishes are distinctively sweet, salty, and spicy at the same time. In Saurashtra region, chass (buttermilk) is believed to be a must-have in their daily food.