Baidyanath Dham Deoghar
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple, also known as Baba dham and Baidyanath dham is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the most sacred abodes of Shiva. It is located in Deoghar in the Santhal Parganas division of the state of Jharkhand, India. Being one out of the twelve Jyotirlingas, Baidyanath is famous for all. Deoghar, the home of gods, is modern name. In Puranas we find in its place names like Haridrapeetha, Ketaki van, Haritalik van, Chitabhoomi and Vaidyanath. In Bengal and upper provinces the place is generally known as Baidyanathdham.
The sanctity of Baidyanath is mentioned in several Puranas, which refer to it, and as they are unquestionably the golden treasure of Hindu religion and culture, Baidyanath Jyotirlingam has attained great importance.
As story written in the Shiva Purana, it was in the Treta yuga that Ravana the king of Lanka, felt that his capital would not be perfect and free from enemies unless Mahadeva (Shiva) stays there forever. He paid continuous meditation to Mahadeva. Ultimately Shiva got pleased and permitted him to carry his lingam with him to Lanka. Mahadeva advised him not to place or transfer this lingam to anyone. There should not be a break in his journey to Lanka. If he deposits the lingam anywhere on the earth, in the course of his journey, it would remain fixed at that place forever. Ravana was happy as he was taking his return journey to Lanka.
The other gods objected to this plan; if Shiva went to Lanka with Ravana, then Ravana would become invincible and his evil and anti-vedic deeds would threaten the world.
On his way back from Mount Kailash, it was time for Ravana to perform sandya-vandana (evening prayer) and he could not carry out sandya-vandha with Shiva linga in his hand and therefore searched for someone who could hold it for him. Vishnu then appeared as a shepherd who was rearing sheeps nearby. Ravana requested Ganesh pretending as shepherd to hold the linga while he completes sandya-vandana and also guided him not to place the linga on ground at any movement.
Travel to Deoghar and you will be confronted by a symbol of Hindu India in the spiritually important Baidyanath Dham Temple, the number-one attraction of this place that draws hordes of pilgrims daily. The temple is one of the Dwadasa Jyotirlinga shrines or the 12 shrines enshrining Shiva in the form of a Jyotirlingam in the country. A place of intense spiritual activity Baidyanath Dham becomes one of India’s busiest pilgrimage sites during the month of Shravan, the fifth month of Hindu calendar.
How to Get There
Deoghar International Airport is presently under Construction. At present reaching Deoghar via Flight is limited to Patna, Kolkata or Ranchi.
Deoghar is connected to New Delhi Howrah Main Line via Jasidih. Jasidih is well connected to cities like New Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai, Chennai, Bhubaneswar, Raipur, Bhopal via rail route. There are trains linking Deoghar to Jasidih every hour in morning and evening and every few hours during day.